L. I. Sobitniak


 PACS numbers: 95.55.Jz,
95.85.Bh, 96.50.Wx

Purpose: Investigation of the effects of the influence of solar and geomagnetic activity on the condition of the Earth’s upper atmosphere by the method of “transmission through” it with the radiation of cosmic radio sources.

Design/methodology/approach: Monitoring of the fluxes of powerful galactic and extragalactic radio sources is carried out at the URAN-4 radio telescope of the Odesa Observatory of the Institute of Radio Astronomy of the NAS of Ukraine since 1987 till now. The monitoring program includes radio galaxies 3C274, 3C405 and supernova remnants 3C144, 3C461. Changes of fluxes of radiation sources at decameter waves are determined by the condition of an ionosphere resulted due to space weather variation.

Findings: The models of multiple correlation dependence of fluxes of radio sources on the factors forming space weather for the periods of extreme conditions of the solar and geomagnetic activity are considered. The explanatory variables are divided into three groups: indices of solar activity, flows of particles, magnetic field components. Over 60 models of the multiple correlation dependence were calculated. Values of a multiple coefficient of correlation within 0.86 to 0.99 were obtained. The greatest contribution to the quantity of a multiple coefficient of correlation give: solar radio emission at the wave of 10.7 cm (F10.7), the total area of groups of spots (Sp), flows of electrons (E) and protons (P).

Conclusions: Monitoring of fluxes of space radio sources made at the “URAN-4” radio telescope makes it possible to “transmit through” the Earth ionosphere above the radio telescope and determines the integral effect of the solar and geomagnetic activity influence on it. The great amount of the data observed with using the “URAN-4” radio telescope allows more detailed study of the influence of space weather effects in the ionosphere to be made in our next works.

Key words: upper atmosphere, solar activity, geomagnetic activity, space weather

Manuscript submitted 26.06.2018

Radio phys. radio astron. 2018, 23(3): 189-202 


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upper atmosphere; solar activity; geomagnetic activity; space weather

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